IsSMTP(); // Falg de uso SMTP $mail->SetLanguage("br", "phpmailer/language/"); $mail->Host = "mail.".$EMP_URL; // seu servidor SMTP $mail->Mailer = "smtp"; //Usando protocolo SMTP $mail->SMTPAuth = true; // uso de SMTP authentication $mail->Timeout = 20; // USUARIO E SENHA $mail->Username = $FromAddress; // SMTP username $mail->Password = $FromPassword; // SMTP password // DE: $mail->From = $FromAddress; $mail->FromName = $FromName; // PARA: $mail->AddAddress($ToAddress, $ToName); // name is optional if ($CC) $mail->AddCC($CC); // $mail->AddReplyTo("comercial@asasolucoes.com"); $mail->WordWrap = 50; // set word wrap to 50 characters //$mail->AddAttachment("/var/tmp/file.tar.gz"); // add attachments //$mail->AddAttachment($ANEXO1); // optional name //$mail->AddAttachment($ANEXO2); // optional name $mail->IsHTML(true); // set email format to HTML $mail->Subject = $Assunto; $mail->Body = $Conteudo; // $mail->AltBody = $strMensagem; if(!$mail->Send()) { //$ERRO_NOTAS = "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo . "(".$mail->Host.")(".$mail->Username.")(".$mail->Password.")"; // (mccDEBUG) throw new Exception("Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo . "(".$mail->Host.")", 21); return false; } else { self::$_erro = 0; self::$_mensagem = "Mensagem enviar com sucesso para o email: $ToAddress\n"; return true; } //*/ }catch ( Exception $ex ){ self::$_mensagem = $ex->getMessage(); self::$_erro = $ex->getCode(); return false; } } public static function enviarGmail($ToName, $ToAddress, $FromName, $FromAddress, $FromPassword, $Assunto, $Conteudo, $Anexo = null){ global $EMP_URL; try { //echo "SMTP=smtp.".$EMP_URL."
"; $mail = new PHPMailer(); // CONFIGURAÇÃO DO SERVIDOR $mail->IsSMTP(); // Falg de uso SMTP $mail->SetLanguage("br", "plugins/phpmailer/language/"); //$mail->Host = "smtp.".$EMP_URL; // seu servidor SMTP //$mail->Host = "gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com"; // servidor para google/apps /* $mail->Host = "tls://smtp.gmail.com"; $mail->SMTPSecure = "tls"; // sets the prefix to the servier $mail->Port = 587; // set the SMTP port for the GMAIL server // */ $mail->Host = "smtp.gmail.com"; $mail->SMTPSecure = "ssl"; // sets the prefix to the servier $mail->Port = 465; // set the SMTP port for the GMAIL server // */ // $mail->SMTPDebug = 1; // enables SMTP debug information (for testing) // 1 = errors and messages // 2 = messages only $mail->SMTPAuth = true; // uso de SMTP authentication //$mail->Timeout = 20; /* // Configuração para Email do GMAIL. $mail->Host = "smtp.gmail.com"; // specify main and backup server $mail->SMTPAuth = true; // turn on SMTP authentication $mail->SMTPSecure= "ssl"; // Used instead of TLS when only POP mail is selected $mail->Port = 465; // Used instead of 587 when only POP mail is selected */ // USUARIO E SENHA $mail->Username = $FromAddress; // SMTP username $mail->Password = $FromPassword; // SMTP password // DE: $mail->From = $FromAddress; $mail->FromName = $FromName; // PARA: $mail->AddAddress($ToAddress, $ToName); // $mail->AddAddress("comercial@asasolucoes.com"); // name is optional // $mail->AddReplyTo("comercial@mustmodels.com"); $mail->WordWrap = 50; // set word wrap to 50 characters //$mail->AddAttachment("/var/tmp/file.tar.gz"); // add attachments //$mail->AddAttachment($ANEXO1); // optional name //$mail->AddAttachment($ANEXO2); // optional name $mail->IsHTML(true); // set email format to HTML $mail->Subject = $Assunto; $mail->Body = $Conteudo; // $mail->AltBody = $strMensagem; if(!$mail->Send()) { throw new Exception("Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo . "(".$mail->Host.")", 21); return false; } else { self::$_erro = 0; self::$_mensagem = "Mensagem enviar com sucesso para o email: $ToAddress\n"; return true; } //*/ }catch ( Exception $ex ){ self::$_mensagem = $ex->getMessage(); self::$_erro = $ex->getCode(); return false; } } } ?> VESTIPROVAS - Questão: UNIFESP - Inglês - Interpretação de Texto
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São Paulo UNIFESP 2011.2 1ª Fase Questão: 32 Inglês Interpretação de Texto 

Brazil: the natural knowledge economy

Kirsten Bound – THE ATLAS OF IDEAS

If you grew up in Europe or North America you will no doubt have been taught in school that the Wright Brothers from Ohio invented and flew the first aeroplane – the Kitty Hawk – in 1903. But if you grew up in Brazil you will have been taught that the real inventor was in fact a Brazilian from Minas Gerais called Alberto Santos Dumont, whose 14-bis aeroplane took to the skies in 1906. This fierce historical debate, which turns on definitions of ‘practical airplanes’, the ability to launch unaided, length of time spent in the air and the credibility of witnesses, will not be resolved here. Yet it is a striking example of the lack of global recognition for Brazil’s achievements in innovation.

Almost a century later, in 2005, Santos Dumont’s intellectual heirs, the company Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica (EMBRAER), made aviation history of a different kind when they unveiled the Ipanema, the world’s first commercially produced aircraft to run solely on biofuels. This time, the world was watching. Scientific American credited it as one of the most important inventions of the year. The attention paid to the Ipanema reflects the growing interest in biofuels as a potential solution to climate change and rising energy demand. To their advocates, biofuels – most commonly bioethanol or biodiesel – offer a more secure, sustainable energy supply that can reduce carbon emissions by 50–60 per cent compared to fossil fuels.

From learning to fly to learning to cope with the environmental costs of flight, biofuel innovations like the Ipanema reflect some of the tensions of modern science, in which expanding the frontiers of human ingenuity goes hand in hand with managing the consequences. The recent backlash against biofuels, which has seen them blamed for global food shortages as land is reportedly diverted from food crops, points to a growing interdependence between the science and innovation systems of different countries, and between innovation, economics and environmental sustainability.

The debates now raging over biofuels reflect some of the wider dynamics in Brazil’s innovation system. They remind us that Brazil’s current strengths and achievements have deepe historical roots than is sometimes imagined. They reflect the fact that Brazil’s natural resources and assets are a key área of opportunity for science and innovation – a focus that leads us to characterise Brazil as a ‘natural knowledge economy’. Most importantly, they highlight the propitious timing of Brazil’s growing strength in these areas at a time when climate change, the environment, food scarcity and rising worldwide energy demand are at the forefront of global consciousness. What changed between the maiden flight of the 14-bis and the maiden flight of the Ipanema is not just Brazil’s capacity for technological and scientific innovation, but the rest of the world’s appreciation of the potential of that innovation to address some of the pressing challenges that confront us all.

(www.demos.co.uk. Adaptado).

According to the text, in Brazil people learn that



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