INSTRUÇÃO: As questões de números 49 e 50 referem-se ao texto seguinte.
Wealth doesn’t always predict good health
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - The findings from a study ofinsulin resistance in Europe suggest that high earnings and an advanced educational level do not always translate into good
health. In Denmark, children of the most educated and highest earning parents showed the least insulin resistance. By contrast, in Estonia and Portugal, just the opposite was seen. Insulin resistance, also known as decreased insulin sensitivity, develops when blood sugar levels need to get much higher before insulin release is triggered. Over time, this resistance can cause health problems and lead to diabetes.
The findings, which appear in the current issue of the British Medical Journal, are based on a study of about 1,000 randomly elected schoolchildren living in each of the three countries. In the Danish group, children of the most educated fathers had 24 percent lower insulin resistance than children of the least educated fathers, lead author Dr. Debbie A. Lawlor, from the University of
Bristol in the UK, and colleagues note. A similar association was seen with parent income. In the Estonian and Portuguese groups, however, children of the most educated fathers had 15 percent and 19 percent higher insulin resistance, respectively, than their peers of the least educated fathers. The magnitude of these associations was largely unchanged when the findings were adjusted for other potentially influential factors.(…)
Source: British Medical Journal, July 23, 2005.
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