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Rio Grande do Sul Puc-RS 2012.2 Questão: 59 Inglês Interpretação de Texto 

INSTRUCTION: Answer questions 56 to 60 in relation to text 2. 


Don’t hate me because I’m beautiful 

  1. At work, as in life, attractive women get a lot of
  2. the breaks. Studies have shown that they are more
  3. likely to be promoted than their plain-Jane colleagues.
  4. Because people tend to project positive traits onto
  5. them, such as sensitivity and poise, they may also
  6. be at an advantage in job interviews. But research
  7. by two Israelis suggests otherwise.
  8. These researchers looked at what happens
  9. when job hunters include photos with their curricula
  10. vitae (CV), as is the norm in much of Europe and
  11. Asia. They sent fictional applications to over 2,500
  12. real-life vacancies. For each job they sent two very
  13. similar résumés, one with a photo, one without. For
  14. men, the results were as expected. Hunks were more
  15. likely to be called for an interview if they included a
  16. photo. Ugly men were better off not including one.
  17. However, for women this was reversed. Attractive
  18. females were less likely to be offered an interview if
  19. they included their photo.
  20. At first they considered that people assume
  21. beautiful women to be stupid. However, the photos
  22. had also been rated on how intelligent people
  23. thought each subject looked; there was no correlation
  24. between perceived intellect and physical beauty. So
  25. the cause of the discrimination must lie elsewhere.
  26. Human Resource (HR) departments tend to be staffed
  27. mostly by women. Indeed, 93% of those tasked with
  28. selecting whom to invite for an interview were female.
  29. The researchers unavoidable – and unpalatable
  30. – conclusion is that old-fashioned jealousy led the
  31. women to discriminate against pretty candidates.

(Source: The Economist – Mar 31st 2012, adapted)

The words “unavoidable” (line 29) and “unpalatable” (line 29) are formed by adding the prefix “un-” to “avoidable” and to “palatable”, in order to give them the opposite meaning. The alternative where this did not occur is 



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