Read the text below and answer questions 48 and 49.
Brazil Forestry Code Part-Vetoed
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff has vetoed part of the controversial Código Florestral (Forestry Code) legislation which regulates the amount of land farmers in Brazil’s Amazon region must maintain as forest. The President vetoed twelve articles and made 32 other modifications to the bill which included 84 provisions. Brazil Environment Minister Izabella Teixeira stressed that the amended bill does not grant amnesty to those responsible for deforestation. There is temporary legislation in place until the vetoed articles and amendments are voted on by the Senate. Environmental Minister Izabella Teixeira, who has been heavily involved in the process, stressed after the vetoes were made public that “legal uncertainty and the unconstitutional nature” of the text gave rise to the vetoes. Ms. Teixeira added that the text’s main goal was “not to grant amnesty to those who deforest” but to “maintain small-scale farmers” who are working legitimately and “make everyone responsible for the restoration of the environment.” Those lobbying for the farmers have said the result was not as bad as expected, but that restrictions in the approved bill will stop the chance for food production in the region to be increased. However, environmental activists are far from satisfied by the amendments, and argue the bill paves the way for further destruction of the Amazon. They had been campaigning for the president to veto the bill in its entirety, and environmental protests have been a common sight outside the Planalto in Brasília in recent months. environmental activists Environmental campaigners had presented the government with a petition with nearly two million signatures collected online from people all over the world demanding a total veto. With high-profile backing from Brazilian celebrities and fervent support from social networks, the main concern for those in support of better preservation laws for the Amazon is that the new legislation does not afford the same protection for Brazil’s globallyimportant rainforest region as the previous law. Many believe the President has taken a “safe option” – attempting to placate all sides, at least to some extent, and postponing the tough decision until a later date. Although deforestation in the Amazon increased 127 percent last year to 11,400km², an area the size of Qatar, it is said to be slowing overall, with better reinforcement of existing laws. The Amazon rainforest covers 5.5 million km², most of which is in Brazil, and of that some 1.73 million km² is under some form of legal protection.
Adapted from: http://riotimesonline.com/brazilnews/ front-page/brazil-forestry-code-part-vetoed-byrousseff/ May 2012
Based on the reading, select the alternatives that are CORRECT.
I. According to Ms. Teixeira, the Forestry Code’s main goal was “to grant amnesty to small-scale farmers” and “make everyone responsible for the restoration of the environment”.
II. Environmental activists had been campaigning for the president to veto the bill in its entirety.
III. High-profile Brazilian celebrities supported the petition as well as social networks.
IV. An area the size of Qatar, 11,400km², was deforested in the Amazon last year.
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